Brief History of SVSPA:
The Police Act, 1861(Act V of 1861) laid the foundation of organized and formal policing in British India. Around 1893 experimental course of instructions limited to a period of two months was tried in Dhaka. Later a Police Training School at Bhagalpur (now in Bihar but then part of Bengal Province) was approved. As per recommendations of the Indian Police Commission 1902-03, a Police Training School was set up at Mill Barracks, Dhaka which functioned as such till 1913. Partition of Bengal in 1905 and its annulment in 1911 resulting in newly created province of Bihar and thus police training college at Bhagalpur going out of Bengal province, a new Police Training College at Sardah (Rajshahi district in Bangladesh now) was established in 1912 which continued to be the main training institution for Police in the province of Bengal till Independence of India. A smaller set up known as Barrackpore Training Centre (BTC), located within the campus of present day Barrackpore Police Lines functioned as adjunct to the main training institution.
After the Independence, Police Training College for West Bengal Police was sanctioned in 1948 to function from the present location at Barrackpore and Barrackpore Training Centre (BTC) was merged with it in 1949 and thus Police Training College (PTC), Barrackpore came into existence. Later the Police Training Centre at Bankura was also amalgamated with the Police Training College. Every year 11th April, is celebrated as the Foundation Day. The PTC Barrackpore has been renamed as Swami Vivekananda State Police Academy since August 2011. Thus, the history of formal police training is over a century old in West Bengal.
Role of SVSPA:
The SVSPA is the state level police training institution catering to the training needs of West Bengal Police and Kolkata Police. The Academy conducts basic training for Dy.SP Probationers, Cadet Sub-Inspectors of Armed & Un-Armed branches and Recruit Constables for West Bengal Police and for Sub-Inspectors and Sergeants of Kolkata Police. The Academy also conducts Pre-promotional training for Constables, Asst. SIs and SIs for their promotion to the next rank besides conducting various short in-service training courses. The academy conducts examinations, evaluates and tabulates the results in respect of all basic and pre-promotional trainings conducted at various Subsidiary Training Centres. The academy also has a Dog Training School where the pups are trained in disciplines like Tracker and Sniffer in Explosives / Narcotics.